Thursday, August 27, 2020

How Authors and Editors Can Work Better Together

How Authors and Editors Can Work Better Together How Authors and Editors Can Work Better Together Reedsy was made to permit free creators to work with the absolute best article and structure ability out there, and manufacture enduring, productive coordinated efforts. In this visitor post, proofreader and writer Andrew Lowe clarifies how independently publishing has changed the writer manager association into a ground-breaking innovative partnership.Have a gander at this sentence:â€Å"Jim dropped the special necklace into the sack and snared it through his belt.†You could contend that there is a disarray over the item here. Is Jim snaring the special necklace, or the pack, through his belt? The ‘correct’ structure would be something like:â€Å"Jim dropped the talisman into the sack, which he snared through his belt.†The object disarray has gone; it’s clear that the pack, not the ornament, is being snared through Jim’s belt. It’s in fact right, yet dead on the page. We’ve adjusted the component of the sentence, yet killed it a s a bit of streaming prose.A great supervisor †especially on account of fiction †comprehends that the work is a fragile parity of craftsmanship and science and that occasionally one must be yielded for the other.In this model, I would keep the first sentence, contending that the specialized blemish is optional to the vibe of the prose.Other editors may go after our preferred mantra: never confound the peruser. Yet, it is particular to contend that a peruser, inundated in the more extensive account, would stop to contemplate the special necklace/sack question as introduced here.It’s an emotional careful decision which, for me, takes advantage of the most significant quality that creators ought to anticipate from your supervisor: an energy for joint effort. An enthusiasm for coordinated effort is the most significant quality creators ought to anticipate from their proofreader @ReedsyHQ At the point when you recruit a supervisor, you are not giving over your valuable dear to be damaged and remolded. You’re paying for an expert eye; a thoughtful colleague who will work to a lot of steady standards and help you to make your book tantamount to it can be.* * *So, let’s characterize terms.Actually, let’s not. On the off chance that you Google something like ‘book altering duplicate line structural’ (and you truly shouldn’t) at that point you’ll before long be sucked into a whirl of fluffy definitions and clashing concepts.Like most imaginative teaches in the advanced age, the various kinds of book altering are ever-changing, generally as a result of the associated and communitarian nature of online tools.I was a purchaser columnist †for the most part at editorial manager level †for a long time, and I comprehend the requirement for explicit distributions to stick to set up rules. They face various duplicate streams streaming in from several authors to be dealt with by a large number of sub-editors. A bound together house style guarantees that the undertaking isn’t fastened to a solitary individual.Traditional book distributing has for the most part followed this model, for comparative reasons. It is an industry and must work at modern scale, with many titles having their spot on a trusted and practical creation line. The altering procedure is regularly simply one more pinion in this corporate machine.But the ascent of independently publishing has introduced an open door for the procedure to be increasingly community; to reinforce the connection among creator and editor.Because independently publishing doesn't mean ‘do it all yourself’.I accept that all the absolute best creatives †even those with a notoriety for being independent auteurs †depend on some type of joint effort to understand their vision. The ‘self’ in independently publishing is increas ingly about self-strengthening. You settle on the choices †including which manager is directly for you. In any case, an editorial manager would now be able to think about the work nearly as much as the creator. The ‘self’ in independently publishing is progressively about self-strengthening. You settle on the choices. - @andylowe99

Saturday, August 22, 2020

Lamb The Gospel According to Biff, Christ’s Childhood Pal Chapter 8 Free Essays

Section 8 I’ve figured out how to sneak into the restroom sufficiently long to peruse a couple of sections of this New Testament that they’ve added to the Bible. This Matthew individual, who is clearly not the Matthew that we knew, appears to have forgotten about a serious tad. Like everything from the time Joshua was destined to the time he was thirty!!! No big surprise the blessed messenger took me back to compose this book. We will compose a custom paper test on Sheep: The Gospel According to Biff, Christ’s Childhood Pal Chapter 8 or on the other hand any comparative point just for you Request Now This Matthew individual hasn’t referenced me yet, however I’m still in the early sections. I need to proportion myself to shield the blessed messenger from getting dubious. Today he went up against me when I came out of the restroom. â€Å"You are investing a great deal of energy in there. You don’t need to invest such a great amount of energy in there.† â€Å"I let you know, neatness is essential to my people.† â€Å"You weren’t washing. I would have heard the water running.† I concluded that I expected to go into all out attack mode on the off chance that I was going to shield the blessed messenger from finding the Bible. I stumbled into the room, jumped onto his bed, and secured my hands around his throat †stifling him as I recited: â€Å"I haven’t been laid in 2,000 years. I haven’t been laid in 2,000 years. I haven’t been laid in 2,000 years.† It felt better, there was a cadence to it, I kind of squoze his throat a piece with each syllable. I took a brief reprieve in stifling the wonderful host to strike him over his alabaster cheek. It was a mix-up. He got my hand. At that point snatched me by the hair with his other hand and smoothly moved to his feet, lifting me into the air by my hair. â€Å"Ow, ow, ow, ow, ow,† I said. â€Å"So, you have not been laid in 2,000 years? What does that mean?† â€Å"Ow, ow, ow, ow,† I answered. The heavenly attendant set me on my feet, yet kept his grip on my hair. â€Å"So?† â€Å"It implies that I haven’t had a lady in two centuries, aren’t you getting any of the jargon from the television?† He looked at the TV, which, obviously, was on. â€Å"I don’t have your endowment of tongues. What does that have to do with gagging me?† â€Å"I was gagging you since you, indeed, are as thick as earth. I haven’t engaged in sexual relations in 2,000 years. Men have needs. What the heck do you think I’m doing in the washroom the entirety of that time?† â€Å"Oh,† the holy messenger stated, discharging my hair. â€Å"So you are†¦You have been†¦There is a†¦Ã¢â‚¬  â€Å"Get me a lady and possibly I won’t invest such a great amount of energy in the restroom, on the off chance that you get my meaning.† Brilliant confusion, I thought. â€Å"A lady? No, I can't do that. Not yet.† â€Å"Yet? Does that mean†¦Ã¢â‚¬  â€Å"Oh look,† the holy messenger stated, abandoning me as though I was close to fume, â€Å"General Hospital is starting.† What's more, with that, my mystery Bible was protected. I don't get his meaning by â€Å"yet†? In any event this Matthew makes reference to the Magi. One sentence, however that’s one more than I’ve gotten in his Gospel up until this point. Our second day in Jerusalem we went to see the incomparable Rabbi Hillel. (Rabbi implies instructor in Hebrew †you realized that, right?) Hillel seemed to be a hundred years of age, his whiskers and hair were long and white, and his eyes were blurred over, his irises milk white. His skin was weathered earthy colored from sitting in the sun and his nose was long and snared, giving him the part of an incredible, daze bird. He held class throughout the morning in the external patio of the Temple. We sat discreetly, tuning in to him discuss from the Torah and decipher the refrains, taking inquiries and taking part in contentions with the Pharisees, who attempted to inject the Law into consistently detail of life. At the finish of Hillel’s morning addresses, Jakan, the camel-sucking spouse to-be of my cherished Maggie, inquired as to whether it would be wrong to eat an egg that had been laid on the Sabbath. â€Å"What would you say you are, dumb? The Lord doesn’t care at all what a chicken does on the Sabbath, you nimrod! It’s a chicken. On the off chance that a Jew lays an egg on the Sabbath, that’s most likely a transgression, come see me at that point. In any case don’t burn through my friggin’ time with that rubbish. Presently leave, I’m hungry and I need a snooze. Every one of you, scram.† Joshua took a gander at me and smiled. â€Å"He’s not what I expected,† he murmured. â€Å"Knows a nimrod when he sees †uh †hears one, though,† I said. (Nimrod was an old ruler who kicked the bucket of suffocation after he pondered so anyone might hear before his watchmen what it resembles to have your own head stood up your butt.) A kid more youthful than us helped the elderly person to his feet and started to lead him away toward the Temple entryway. I ran up and took the priest’s other arm. â€Å"Rabbi, my companion has originated from far away to converse with you. Would you be able to help him?† The elderly person halted. â€Å"Where is your friend?† â€Å"Right here.† â€Å"Then why isn’t he talking for himself? Where do you originate from, kid?† â€Å"Nazareth,† Joshua stated, â€Å"but I was conceived in Bethlehem. I am Joshua bar Joseph.† â€Å"Oh better believe it, I’ve conversed with your mother.† â€Å"You have?† â€Å"Sure, pretty much every time she and your dad come to Jerusalem for a dining experience she attempts to see me. She thinks you’re the Messiah.† Joshua gulped hard. â€Å"Am I?† Hillel grunted. â€Å"Do you need to be the Messiah?† Joshua took a gander at me as though I may have the appropriate response. I shrugged. â€Å"I don’t know,† Josh at long last said. â€Å"I thought I was simply expected to do it.† â€Å"Do you think you’re the Messiah?† â€Å"I’m not certain I ought to say.† â€Å"That’s smart,† Hillel said. â€Å"You shouldn’t state. You can think you’re the Messiah all that you need, just don’t tell anyone.† â€Å"But in the event that I don’t let them know, they won’t know.† â€Å"Exactly. You can think you’re a palm tree in the event that you need, just don’t tell anybody. You can think you’re a group of seagulls, just don’t tell anybody. You get my importance? Presently I need to go eat. I’m old and I’m hungry and I need to go eat now, so just on the off chance that I pass on before dinner I won’t go hungry.† â€Å"But he truly is the Messiah,† I said. â€Å"Oh yeah,† Hillel stated, snatching my shoulder, at that point feeling for my head so he could shout into my ear. â€Å"What do you know? You’re a uninformed child. How old right? Twelve? Thirteen?† â€Å"Thirteen.† â€Å"How would you be able to, at thirteen, know anything? I’m eighty-four and I don’t know shit.† â€Å"But you’re wise,† I said. â€Å"I’m savvy enough to realize that I don’t know poop. Presently go away.† â€Å"Should I solicit the Holy from Holies?† Joshua said. Hillel swung at the air, as though to slap Joshua, yet missed by a foot. â€Å"It’s a case. I saw it when I could in any case observe, and I can disclose to you that it’s a container. What's more, you comprehend what else, if there were tablets in it, they aren’t there now. So in the event that you need to converse with a case, and presumably be executed for attempting to get into the chamber where it’s kept, you go right ahead.† The breath appeared to be taken out of Joshua’s body and I figured he would black out on the spot. How could the best instructor in all of Israel discuss the Ark of the Covenant in such a manner? How could a man who clearly knew each expression of the Torah, and all the lessons composed since, how might he guarantee not to know anything? Hillel appeared to detect Joshua’s trouble. â€Å"Look, kid, your mom says that some exceptionally insightful men came to Bethlehem to see you when you were conceived. They clearly knew something that nobody else knew. Why don’t you go see them? Get some information about being the Messiah.† â€Å"So you aren’t going to reveal to him how to be the Messiah?† I inquired. Again Hillel connected for Joshua, however this time with no resentment. He discovered Joshua’s cheek, and stroked it with his palsied hand. â€Å"I don’t accept there will be a Messiah, and now, I’m not certain it would have any kind of effect to me. Our kin have invested more energy in subjection or under the impact points of outside rulers than we have spent free, so who is to state that it is God’s will that we be free by any means? Who is to state that God frets about us in any capacity, past permitting us to be? I don’t imagine that he does. So know this, little one. Regardless of whether you are the Messiah, or you become a rabbi, or regardless of whether you are simply a rancher, here is the whole of everything I can show you, and all that I know: treat others as you might want to be dealt with. Would you be able to recollect that?† Joshua gestured and the elderly person grinned. â€Å"Go locate your astute men, Joshua bar Joseph.† What we did was remain in the Temple while Joshua flame broiled each cleric, watch, even Pharisee about the Magi who had come to Jerusalem thirteen years prior. Clearly it wasn’t as large an occasion for others as it was for Josh’s family, in light of the fact that nobody had any thought what he was discussing. When he’d been grinding away for several hours he was truly shouting into the essences of a gathering of Pharisees. â€Å"Three of them. Entertainers. They came in light of the fact that they saw a star over Bethlehem. They were conveying gold, frankincense, and myrrh. Please, you’re all old. You’re expected to be astute. Think!† Obviously, they weren’t satisfied. â€Å"Who is this kid who might scrutinize our insight? He remains unaware of the Torah and th

Friday, August 21, 2020

How to Manage a Drunk Relative

How to Manage a Drunk Relative Addiction Alcohol Use Children of Alcoholics Print Dealing With a Drunk Relative During the Holidays By Elizabeth Hartney, BSc., MSc., MA, PhD Elizabeth Hartney, BSc, MSc, MA, PhD is a psychologist, professor, and Director of the Centre for Health Leadership and Research at Royal Roads University, Canada. Learn about our editorial policy Elizabeth Hartney, BSc., MSc., MA, PhD Updated on October 14, 2019 maskot / Getty Images   More in Addiction Alcohol Use Children of Alcoholics Binge Drinking Withdrawal and Relapse Drunk Driving Addictive Behaviors Drug Use Nicotine Use Coping and Recovery Situations vary among adult family members of people who drink too much. You might be a drinker yourself, or you may have decided not to follow in your relatives footsteps, but dealing with an older relative who is often drunkâ€"whether its a parent, uncle, aunt, or grandparentâ€"will always feel challenging, even when you love the person dearly. As you get older, you may find that  your roles become reversed. You may need to take care of them and set  boundaries and expectations about their behavior, a shift that will probably not feel completely natural to either of you. Understanding how to approach these situations and conversations helps. Managing Holidays and Celebrations If past celebrations have been ruined by your relatives drunkenness, think about whether you should put yourselfâ€"and your family or friendsâ€"through another painful experience. Your relative might expect to be included in family celebrations or you might think it would spoil the holidays to have a grandparent or older relative absent. But if you know that they will be inappropriate, abusive, or completely unreasonable regardless of what you say or do, you have a right to decline to spend family celebrations with them  and to protect yourself and your family from their harmful influence. This is difficult to do, but you are not rejecting your family member, nor do you have completely avoid them over the holidays (unless you want to). Consider alternatives like: Spending a holiday breakfast with them. Even the  heaviest drinkers are usually more sober in the morning. But also consider how they might behave if they are hungover, and plan accordingly.Visit and drop off gifts on the day before, instead. Choose a time earlier in the day and keep it limited.Mail or drop off a card or gift before the event and say you will be away at that time. Starting a Conversation All too often, families fall into a communication pattern designed to avoid conflict and the truth. However, social stigma about intoxication, fear of your relatives anger, and feeling pity towards your relative may encourage you to discuss the real reason you prefer not to spend time with them.   If  it seems like your relative lies all the time, you may have been brought up to lie  and think that this is your only choice. It may even feel that lies are what has held your family relationships together. In one sense this may be true even though the relationships are not authentic or based on trust. While it is understandable that you want to avoid conflict, ultimately, your relative may be more likely to control their drinking behavior around you once they realize it is driving you away from them. Knowing that their time with younger children is being affected might also give them pause for thought. So it might be worth having the conversation with your relative in a tactful way. Talk to them when they are not drunkBe honest and let them know that you dont appreciate their drinkingBe honest and say that you and your family or friends will skip the party, rather than making an excuse. Declining Drinking Together It is not unusual for drinking too much to run in families. There are many reasons for this, both biological and social. However, you are not destined to be a heavy drinker yourself. Your relative may pressure you to join them in a drink, but now that you are older you have an option. If you know that drinking together will only encourage more drinking,  dont do it. Instead, use  effective strategies for refusing. Treat this situation as you would any type of  peer pressure. Even if you do choose to drink, the greatest risk is when both you and your relative are drunk. Your ability to respond appropriately will be impaired and you may end up behaving negatively yourself. These are the kinds of circumstances where the risk of family violence increasesâ€"although even if your relative doesnt get violent, dealing with their impaired communication, problematic behavior, and poor role modeling can spoil your day. Managing Your Feelings Its normal and understandable to feel angry, upset,  or embarrassed when your relative gets drunk. If they have a tendency to become violent or otherwise abusive, you may also feel fearful or anxious around them or re-experience negative memories from past situations. These feelings are natural and an indication that the situation is wrong, not that you are wrongâ€"even if you are made to feel that you are the problem. Although your relatives drinking is not your fault, avoid any confrontations while they are drunk. They wont be in a good state to listen to reason, and they may become defensive or even aggressive. As alcohol impairs memory, they may not even remember what you said. If you feel you must confront your relative, wait until they are soberâ€"or at least as sober as possibleâ€"and calmly explain your feelings about their drinking. Understanding your relatives addiction  can help you cope better, too. People often drink because they feel inadequate in some way and alcohol can help them feel like they fit in with others. When drinking becomes a problem, they cant stop without having to face the reasons they started drinking in the first place, which makes it difficult to stop drinking. Learning how to better  support your relative  and communicate in a way that wont encourage more drinking can also help. Communication and family support are often very important in the recovery from addiction and could be a helpful step in getting along with your relative and even helping them to eventually face their addiction. Protecting Others No matter how important your relative is to you, there are probably other people who matter to you at least as much, if not more. These people should not be subjected to your relatives drunkenness, and spending time with them should take priority over anyone who insists on drinking. You deserve to enjoy the company of people who respect you and your choices around alcohol, and your other family members and friends deserve to be able to enjoy your company in an alcohol-free environment. In particular, if you have a partner and children, you should prioritize enjoying authentic, low-stress time with them, as this is very important to your childrens healthy emotional development. Conversely, spending time with an intoxicated relative could be emotionally damaging and harmful to your relationship with them, particularly if they experience or witness any violent or disrespectful behavior, even if it is directed towards you and not them. So politely decline any invitations from your relative involving these other loved ones, now or in the future, if you know that your relative will be drinking. Seeking Help Many children who grow up with a family member who drinks too much dream of saving them. You may crave the person they were when sober, or, if you never knew your relative when they were sober, you may yearn for a relationship with your relative that is everything it should beâ€"supportive and kind. Although your support will help a great deal if your relative decides to change their drinking, you cant save them from their addiction. That is something they can only do for themselves, although others, including you, may be important in their success in becoming sober. Letting your relative know how much you would appreciate them quitting or cutting down on their drinking, or drinking in a more appropriate way, may encourage them to think about change, but it may also provoke their defenses and denials. You may even find yourself on the receiving end of unfair accusations and blame, which may provoke your own anger. Generally, people who drink a lot dont respond well to other people telling them to stop. Sometimes, families try an intervention, but responses to interventions are unpredictable and there is no research support for the approach. The bottom line is that even if your relative tries to quit because you ask them to, they may not be successful. However, the good news is that those who are successful at quitting often cite the encouragement and support of their family as a significant aspect of what helped them succeed in quitting. So dont give up supporting your relative in their efforts to control their drinking.

Thursday, May 14, 2020

Breaking Standards in Society in Harper Lees To Kill a...

Human behavior is often based of the laws and expectations set by community surrounding them. Breaking these norms results in many arrays of emotions. To Kill a Mockingbird by Harper Lee, Romeo and Juliet by William Shakespeare, and The Help by Kathryn Stockett all exemplify the consequences of breaking standards in societies with set norms to uphold. The various authors have crafted societies that behave in distinct manners, and classify people as either normal, or abnormal. These works show that breaking societal standards, familial standards, and ones own standards sprouts disaster, and in serious cases, leads to the demise of characters. Disregarding societal standards within civilizations controlled by prejudice is comparable to a double-edged sword. An individual is capable of standing up for their beliefs, however will ultimately be affected by a backslash of deleterious consequences. Within To Kill a Mockingbird, Calpurnia wields the sword. Calpurnia disregarded the standards established by both the white and black community, that the two opposing communities are incapable of interacting in a sociable manner. When Calpurnia introduced Jem and Scout to the members of First Purchase Church, she received discouraging remarks, as Lula says, â€Å"You ain’t got no business bringin‘ white chillun here—they got their church, we got our’n. It is our church, ain’t it, Miss Cal?† (Lee 119). By resisting the norms of the feuding communities, Calpurnia, Jem, and Scout had to

Wednesday, May 6, 2020

The Effects Of Television Violence On Our Society

Our world has a variety of problems today, with violence being at the top of the list, you go anywhere and that is all you here about. Unfortunately it’s in front-page headlines of the newspaper and broadcasted on the news as top stories. Violence is a very big topic, although it is categorized into many small groups. There is juvenile violence, domestic violence, hate violence, terrorist violence, and violence displaced through various forms of the media. This research will be on violence in the media and does it affect our society. How we view television, has changed the world, no doubt in that. Turn your television set on and pick a channel at random; the odds are that half of the programs you come across will contain violent material. The statistics are overwhelming as I look on the internet, read articles, and look at the research. One of the things that most interests me in the violence on television, is the effects it has on children. Children learn by repetition while watching educational shows, so is learning violence on television an exception? This research paper is directed to parents, educational providers, psychologists in research, clinical practice, and individuals with public advocacy roles and defined by education, age and gender. Both women and men will be a core audience for this paper, as I have come across the fact that adolescent boys and adult men are more drawn to violent television then women. It will draw both genders for differentShow MoreRelatedTelevision Is Destroying Todays Youth, but Dont Blame T.V., Blame the Parents.1302 Words   |  6 PagesEver since television was invented, it has become increasingly controversial every year since. So many programs and movies shown on television have become increasingly violent and show sexual innuendos and sexual content. If you were to turn on the six o clock news, you would hear about the murders and the kidnappings and the rapes and all of the horrible things which happen in so ciety, presented in a neutral manner which makes them all seem not quite so bad. Imagine how that looks to twelveRead More effects of tv violence on children Essay719 Words   |  3 Pages Effects of Television Violence on Children In our society today, it is extremely important to pay attention to what influences children. One of the biggest influences America’s youth may have is the television. It is possible for children to be pulled into the television’s realistic world of violence with sometimes devastating results. The impact of television violence on youth behavior has been an issue for many years. Violent programs on television lead to negative behavior by children and teenagersRead More Media Violence and Its Effects Essay709 Words   |  3 Pagesone day you lost your television. You lost your favorite talk show, your CNN, your favorite cartoon and all of your connections to the whole world. Throughout decades, media have became one of the most powerful weapons in the world. As time passed, more and more varieties of media were shown, like television, magazines, and internet. From reporting the news to persuading us to buy certain products, media became the only connection between people and the world. But violence in media is shown everywhereRead MoreEssay on cartoon violence779 Words   |  4 Pages Animation Violence nbsp;nbsp;nbsp;nbsp;nbsp;Children from the ages 6-11 spend more time watching television than they do in the classroom. The â€Å"renaissance of TV animation† has undoubtedly led to more violent cartoons then ever before. But to talk about cartoon violence, it must first be defined. Webster’s Dictionary defines violence â€Å"as the act (or threat) of injuring or killing someone.† (Webster) And although the violence is not real, a child does not know the difference. Throughout theRead MoreViolence in Television, Movies, and Video Games Should Not Be Censored1653 Words   |  7 PagesVIOLENCE IN TELEVISION, MOVIES, AND VIDEO GAMES SHOULD NOT BE CENSORED Television, movies, and video games have a great influence on the minds of todays youth. But, what exactly are the effects of such an influence? Certain people have exaggerated the effects that these media have on todays youth. Many people, including government officials, have singled out these three media sources as the cause of some types of violence simply because it is an easy target for laying the blame. The truth isRead MoreDesensitization From Lack Of Discretion1614 Words   |  7 Pagestyrannical government, loss of freedoms such as our freedom of speech and our freedom of press, and a stronger presence of authority in our lives on the one side. On the other side our country’s moral fabric could come apart, there could be a rise in violence, and the innocence of our children is at risk. It is the innocence of our children that we are going to take a closer look at. What part does uncensored media play in the desensitization of our youth? Why should we be concerned abo ut this issueRead More Violence in the Media is Not to Blame for the Effect on Children1158 Words   |  5 PagesThe Effect of Violence in the Media on Children Television, movies, and video games are a big part of children’s lives in today’s technologically advanced society. However, there is a big controversy questioning the effects of these media outlets on children. Much of society claims to have proof for the belief that media violence affects children negatively. However, I am skeptical of the evidence that is stated to prove that claim. I feel that society has placed the blame on these mediums forRead MoreViolence in the Media Essay1418 Words   |  6 PagesViolence in the Media In today’s world, there is an endless amount of information available to people everywhere around the globe. Mass media is definitely shaping our world, whether it is in a positive way or a negative way. Television and the radio waves provide us with hours of entertainment. The emergence of the Internet allows us to access thousands of pages of information within the reach our very own fingertips. But with the convenience of all this information comes along a certain levelRead More Children and Violence: An American Media Controversy Essay1014 Words   |  5 Pagesand Violence: An American Media Controversy As censorship of the American media has broken down over the years, the amount of violence allowed to be shown in movies, on television, and in video games has skyrocketed. From coast to coast in our nation, this saturation of hostility in our media has caused many contentious debates between scholars, parents, students and government officials alike. In this controversy, the central argument revolves around the effects violent media has on our societyRead MoreViolence And Sex On Television898 Words   |  4 Pages Violence and Sex on Television: Effects on the Younger Audience In today’s society, the media is used greatly for communication, advertisement, information, and for numerous other reasons. The world has evolved by technological advances as well as by the type of content that is put out on the internet, radio, and especially on television. In particular, violence and sex are two of the most controversial content types that have been recently used loosely in the present as compared to the

Tuesday, May 5, 2020

Cognitive Dissonance in Mean Girls Samples †

Question: Discuss about the Cognitive Dissonance in Mean Girls. Answer: Definition of Cognitive Dissonance Theory (CDT) Cognitive Dissonance refers to the mental discomfort that is experienced by a person when he has to perform an action that contradicts the values and personal beliefs of a person. (Ciao et al., 2015). According to the principle of consistency theory, new stimuli are assimilated with that of the old encountered stimuli. If the new stimulus is found to be inconsistent, then acute discomfort is experienced by the person. Human beings crave for consistency and psychological inconsistency gives rise to dissonance. Dissonance triggers effort that helps in achieving consonance. The cognitions that are contradictory and are of less importance give rise to less amount of dissonance. The relevant cognitions being consistent and outnumbering the dissonant one, will produce less amount of dissonance. Attitudes and thoughts that are inconsistent give rise to feelings of dissonance that provides a feeling of unpleasant arousal. The dissonant beliefs should be reduced and adding to the consonant be liefs can serve as useful techniques in dealing with the dissonance. Application of Cognitive Dissonance Theory in Mean Girls Cady Heron who was born in Africa was a victim of culture shock when she joined the American High School and wanted to become a part of the girl world. Friendships are fake in that world and tensions are rampant as she is forced to assimilate in the Plastics that is a popular group. It brings to the fore a strong woman who has a fixed perspective on everything. (Oliver, 2013).The movie highlights the brutality that exists in the heart of the high school students. Cadys life in high school is full of such situations that compel her to reject values related to her previous life. She is forced to assimilate in the new culture that gives rise to cognitive dissonance. Her external appearance along with her internal self undergoes a drastic transformation. Regina the Queen Bea, has assimilated herself in the life of high school and she is also a result of the factor of dissonance. Her friend wants to sabotage her life, blackmail her and spread wrong information regarding her. Cady soon becomes like the Plastics when she wants to cut off the resources of Regina and want to separate her from Aaron and destroys her beauty. She manages to turn Gretchen Wieners along with that of Karen Smith against that of Regina. Cady pretends to be weak at math so that she can get the attention of Aaron and arranges the break-up between that of Aaron and Regina. She confesses regarding the infidelity of Regina with that of another boy. Cady does this because she cann ot ingratiate herself in the new culture and she wants to break the bonds and friendships of her friends at school. It is her insecurity that led her to do this (Walsh, Sekarasih Scharrer, 2014). Cady was facing difficulty because she cannot easily integrate herself in the new culture and took the evil way out. Cady forces Regina to have the high calorie nutrition bars by saying that it would help her to lose weight. Gretchen who is the Dumb Girl also suffers from cognitive dissonance but cognitive dissonance is felt less by her as compared to that of Cady. When Regina starts favouring Cady instead of Gretchen, then Gretcen feels insulted and her world is shattered. Gretchen then loses her sense of morality and begins spreading gossip and wrong information regarding Regina (Cvencek, Meltzoff Kapur, 2014). The character of Karen faces the least case of cognitive dissonance and she is the least vitriolic of all the characters. Her character serves like a basic moral compass. Karen recognizes the mean and abject behavior of the girls. Gretchens burst of dissonance comes to light when she over shares secrets regarding Regina to Caddy. Her feelings can be easily understood with t he use of expression: Ive never told anyone this before (Oppliger, 2013). In order to get revenge on the character of Regina, Cady undergoes a lot of transformation and moulds herself in the image of Regina without realizing that the qualities of Regina does not deserve not be imitated. Social influence along with peer pressure compelled Cady to change herself and changes in circumstance and situation led to drastic changes in the behavior of Cady. (Brock et al., 2014). Cady was put into a place which maintained a great degree of social influence. She went on to give more importance to the meanest girls at school which cost her greatly. Cady was so overcome by the need to fit in that she forgot about all the moral principles that she was taught. Regina kissed the guy on whom Cady had a crush thus infuriating Cady, Janice along with Damian. They fed her Kalteen bars which made her grow fatter and gave her foot-cream to apply on her face. Regina is soon kicked out of the Plastics which makes the room for a new Queen Bae. When Cady becomes a Plastic then Regina gets revenge on her by writing about her in Burn Book. They then undergo a trust workshop where Jenice tells Regina that Cady becoming a member of Plastic was only a matter of joke. Cady Heron undergoes de-individuation in the movie and she has to lose her sense of self-awareness (Rohde et al., 2016). In the Spring Fling Dance, Cady got elected as the Queen and in her famous acceptance speech she declared that her victory does not hold any meaning and she recognizes that everyone has their own wonderful abilities. The victory in a sense belongs to everyone. Cady breaking her tiara and distributing it to her other class mates stands as a gesture that is symbolic. Cady understand that quarrelling is futile and ingratiates herself with that of Janis, Damien and Aaron. She reaches truce with that of The Plastics (Antoniou, Doukas Subrahmanyam, 2013). By the start of the next year, The Plastics disbanded. Regina joins the team of lacrosse, Karen got acknowledged as the school weather girl and Gretchen joined the gang of Cool Asians. Conformity plays a great role in changing the actions of the characters in the movie Mean Girls. People follow the behavior of other people so that they can go along with the accepted social norms and they seek approval of their individuality. Cady has two perspectives in relation to the popular group- The Plastics. On one hand, she views The Plastic as evil and on the other hand she starts craving for the attention and liking of the group. These are the two cognitive dissonances that compel Cady to face the issue of cognitive dissonance (Bae, 2016). There is a part of her that is ideal which does not go along with that of the moral policy of The Plastics and she goes around with them in order to pull the characters down. On the other hand, is her real self that is hanging out with The Plastics so that she can be liked by the group. The character of Regina George who is considered to be very popular in school also undergoes a lot of conflict in their mind. Her ideal and her real self cannot easily match up. Her ideal self wants to become more popular but her real self is extremely self-conscious Moore, P. A. (2016). She just tries to make the pretence of being confident and assumes a kind of stance that is unflawed. She was concerned regarding her weight and did not want her school mates to think that she was fat. Conclusion and Implication In the course of the movie, Cady becomes like the Plastics and she becomes judgemental and she tries to fit in the wrong place. She loses her identity by conforming to the behavior of Plastics. The movie Mean Girls thus shows Cady trying to assimilate into a foreign culture and the mental turmoil that she had to endure in order to fit in the new life. Cady undergoes Cognitive Dissonance in her new social milieu as the culture perpetrated on her was drastically different from that of her life in Africa (Trekels Eggermont, 2017). Fake Friendships are exhibited in the movie Mean Girls and Cady has to endure a lot of tensions since she is forced to assimilate in the popular group Plastics. Karen has to go through the least case of cognitive dissonance and her character serves the role of that of a moral compass. Karen understands the mean behavior of the girls. Conformity plays a pivotal role that changes the mindset of characters in the movie Mean Girls. People followed and imitated th e behavior of other people irrespective of the fact whether they were right or wrong (Halliwell Diedrichs, 2014). Getting recognized and assimilation was more important for them as compared to that of the following the right moral path. While on the one hand Cady views The Plastic as an evil group on the other hand she starts still gropes for getting attention from the malicious group craving for the attention. These two cognitive dissonances force Cady to face cognitive dissonance and she undergoes a lot of mental turmoil. References: Antoniou, C., Doukas, J. A., Subrahmanyam, A. (2013). Cognitive dissonance, sentiment, and momentum.Journal of Financial and Quantitative Analysis,48(1), 245-275. Bae, B. B. (2016). Believing Selves and Cognitive Dissonance: Connecting Individual and Society via Belief.Religions,7(7), 86. Brock, C. H., Oikonomidoy, E. M., Wulfing, K., Pennington, J. L., Obenchain, K. M. (2014). Mean girls go to college: Exploring femalefemale relational bullying in an undergraduate literacy methods course.Peace and Conflict: Journal of Peace Psychology,20(4), 516. Ciao, A. C., Latner, J. D., Brown, K. E., Ebneter, D. S., Becker, C. B. (2015). Effectiveness of a peer?delivered dissonance?based program in reducing eating disorder risk factors in high school girls.International Journal of Eating Disorders,48(6), 779-784. Cvencek, D., Meltzoff, A. N., Kapur, M. (2014). Cognitive consistency and mathgender stereotypes in Singaporean children.Journal of experimental child psychology,117, 73-91. Halliwell, E., Diedrichs, P. C. (2014). Testing a dissonance body image intervention among young girls.Health Psychology,33(2), 201. Moore, P. A. (2016). Smells Like Teen Spirit. InThe Hidden Power of Smell(pp. 167-186). Springer International Publishing. Oliver, R. T. (2013).Cognitive Dissonance: The Causal Factor for Drop Out from Parent Training Programs among Ethnically Diverse Parent Populations. Northcentral University. Oppliger, P. A. (2013).Bullies and Mean Girls in Popular Culture. McFarland. Rohde, P., Stice, E., Shaw, H., Gau, J. M. (2016). Pilot trial of a dissonance-based cognitive-behavioral group depression prevention with college students.Behaviour research and therapy,82, 21-27. Trekels, J., Eggermont, S. (2017). Aspiring to have the looks of a celebrity: young girls engagement in appearance management behaviors.European Journal of Pediatrics, 1-7. Walsh, K. R., Sekarasih, L., Scharrer, E. (2014). Mean Girls and Tough Boys: Children's Meaning Making and Media Literacy Lessons on Gender and Bullying in the United States.Journal of Children and Media,8(3), 223-239.